Expert Tips & Tricks on How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper

Writing an abstract for a research paper can be overwhelming, but it’s crucial for your paper’s success. It’s like a sneak peek that gives readers a quick idea of your research and what you’ve discovered. And guess what? It’s the first thing people will see when they stumble upon your paper! That’s why we’ve rounded up some awesome tips and tricks from seasoned researchers at the top Custom paper writing service to help you create an abstract that’s clear, concise, and captivating. Whether you’re a research pro or just starting out, this guide will equip you with everything you need to write an abstract that leaves a lasting impression.

How to Write an Abstract for A Research Paper the Expert’s Way 

Starting with a question of what is an abstract? It’s a quick overview of a research article, thesis, dissertation, or other academic writing. It’s like a mini version of the paper, so you don’t have to read the whole thing. It gives you the gist of what’s inside without reading the whole thing.

Types of Abstracts

Understanding the different types of abstracts is important because it will help you determine what abstract you need to write for your research paper. Here are the four types of abstracts that you should know:

Descriptive Abstract

This abstract gives you a broad idea of the research paper and not specific information like conclusions or results. It’s mostly used in humanities and social sciences papers and outlines the paper’s methods and research questions.


This paper explores the role of social media in shaping political discourse in the United States. The study examines the content of Twitter and Facebook posts related to the 2020 Presidential Election. The paper argues that social media plays a significant role in shaping public opinion and promoting political polarization.

Informational Abstract

This abstract briefly overviews the main points, arguments, and outcomes of a research project. It includes details about the methods used, the questions asked, and the conclusions. Commonly used in scientific and technical papers.


This study investigates the efficacy of a new treatment for patients with hypertension. The study compares the effectiveness of the new treatment to a standard treatment. Results show that patients in the experimental group experienced a significant decrease in blood pressure compared to the control group, indicating that the new treatment may be an effective alternative for patients with hypertension.

Structured Abstract

An abstract that follows a certain set-up has sections like intro, methods, results, and conclusion. This abstract type is often seen in medical studies to give a quick and precise recap of the key outcomes.


  • Introduction: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of diabetes in a population of adults aged 50 and over in a rural community.
  • Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, and participants were interviewed about their health status and medical history. Blood glucose levels were measured to determine diabetes status.
  • Results: Of the 500 participants, 100 were diagnosed with diabetes. Prevalence rates were higher among participants with a family history of diabetes and those with a higher BMI.
  • Conclusion: The study demonstrates a high prevalence of diabetes in the rural community, highlighting the need for targeted interventions to improve diabetes prevention and management.

Key Components of An Abstract 

An abstract is a summary of the main points of a research paper. It should include the paper’s main objectives, methodology, results, and conclusions. These parts are necessary to create an effective abstract clearly outlining the research.


The abstract’s “purpose section” lets you know why the research was done and what the researchers were trying to figure out. It should be short, straight to the point, and straightforward. A good example is: “This research looks into the link between social media usage and how it affects the grades of college students.”


In this abstract, the methodology section explains how the research was done – a survey was sent to 500 college students to get information about their social media use and academic performance. The data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. This info should give the reader enough info to understand the study’s methods and evaluate its accuracy.


The results section of an abstract needs to give a quick overview of the research findings. It should emphasize the essential outcomes of the study and explain why they’re important. For example, the research was about social media use and academic performance in college students. In that case, you might say, “The study showed that social media use harmed college students’ grades”.


Ultimately, the abstract should recap the main findings and their importance. The study proves that too much time on social media is not good, and more research needs to be done to figure out what to do about it.

Tips and Tricks on Writing an Effective Abstract

If you want your abstract to stand out, it’s important to consider language, detail, and formatting. Here are some tips to help you get it right:

Use Concise Language

Keep it brief and on-point. Use language that gets the main ideas of your research paper across without being too wordy. For example, instead of saying, “In this research paper, we aim to study the effects of social media use on the mental health of teenagers,” try, “This research paper looks into how social media affects teenage mental health.”

Avoid Unnecessary Details

An abstract is a summary of your research paper, so ensure you don’t include any unimportant details. Try to avoid using technical jargon that may be hard to understand. For example, instead of writing, “The research participants comprised a random sample of 1,000 individuals aged between 18 and 50 years, who had previously used social media for at least two years,” it’s better to say, “A sample of 1,000 social media users aged between 18 and 50 years was chosen.”

Highlight Key Findings

Sum up the main points of your research paper in your abstract. Make sure to explain the most important results and conclusions of your study straightforwardly. For example, instead of saying, “The research findings showed that there was a significant relationship between physical activity and cognitive function in older adults,” try something like, “The study showed that physical activity was linked to improved cognitive function in older adults.”

Follow The Required Format

It’s important to check what format your professor or journal needs for your research paper. Different fields require different formatting for abstracts, so remember to double-check. For example, if you’re using APA style, you must have a structured abstract with four sections: purpose, methods, results, and conclusion.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Writing an Abstract 

When crafting an abstract for a research paper, it’s important to avoid common errors that can weaken the abstract’s power. Here are some mistakes to watch out for:

Including Information Not Included in the Paper

An abstract should provide a brief overview of the main points of the research paper and shouldn’t include anything that’s not already mentioned in the paper. Only add new ideas or concepts that are discussed in the paper, like the study’s implications for future research, if it still needs to be discussed.


Keep it short and sweet – your abstract should briefly overview your research. Don’t get too bogged down in details or provide too much info – just hit the main points and explain your methodology, results, and conclusion. There is no need to get into the nitty-gritty of every statistical analysis you did. Just summarize the most important discoveries!

Making the Abstract too Long or too Short

When writing an abstract, ensure it’s of a manageable length. If it’s too long, it might have irrelevant information to your paper’s main points. And if it’s too short, it won’t give enough info to convey what your paper is about. Stick to the guidelines your professor or journal gives you for length.

For instance, if the guidelines require a 250-word limit for the abstract, avoid exceeding this limit. On the other hand, if the guidelines require a 500-word limit, make sure your abstract is longer, as it may need to provide more information to represent your research paper accurately.

Example of a Research Abstract 

Title: The Impact of social media on Teenagers’ Well-being


It’s pretty clear that social media plays a huge role in teens’ lives, but its effects on their mental health are still up for debate. This study examined 500 teens between 13 and 18 to determine the connection between social media and depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. They used questionnaires and some fancy data analysis to get the answers. It turns out that social media use had a positive effect on depression and anxiety but a negative effect on self-esteem. The frequency of social media use and the number of platforms used are also affected. So, it looks like social media may not be the best for teenage well-being, and it’s important to help teens learn how to use it responsibly.


As you embark on writing an abstract for your research paper, remember that it is your first opportunity to captivate your readers and showcase the value of your research. By implementing the expert tips and tricks in this article, such as using precise language, emphasizing key findings, and following the appropriate format, you can create an abstract that will leave a lasting impression. Additionally, be sure to avoid common mistakes that can undermine the effectiveness of your abstract, such as providing too much detail or including information not contained within your paper. Still, if you are having trouble writing a good abstract, don’t fret, as our writers can take care of it for you!


plus-icon What are the Five Parts of an Abstract?

The five parts of an abstract are:

  • The purpose of the study
  • The methodology used to conduct the research
  • The key results or findings
  • The main conclusion or implications of the study
  • List of relevant keywords that can help other researchers find your work.
plus-icon How to Write a Research Paper Abstract?
Start by stating why you're doing the study and what method you used. Then describe the main results and what you concluded. Make sure you use simple language and follow the guidelines your teacher or publisher gave you. Also, please include a list of keywords related to your work so people can find it more easily.
plus-icon Should I Include Citations or References in my Abstract?
No, an abstract shouldn't have any citations or references. It should be an all-inclusive summary of the research paper that briefly describes the major discoveries and results.
plus-icon How Long Should an Abstract Be?
Generally, abstracts should be between 150-250 words, although you should check with your instructor or publisher for any specific guidelines.
plus-icon Can I Include My Own Opinions or Recommendations in the Abstract?
No, an abstract should be a dry, factual rundown of the research paper without your takes or advice. It should just summarize the main points and results of the study.
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